An in vitro urinary tract catheter system to investigate biofilm development in catheter-associated urinary tract infections - Abstract

Biofilm development in urinary tract catheters is an often underestimated problem. However, this form of infection leads to high mortality rates and causes significant costs in health care.

Therefore, it is important to analyze these biofilms and establish avoiding strategies. In this study a continuous flow-through system for the cultivation of biofilms under catheter-associated urinary tract infection conditions was established and validated. The in vitro urinary tract catheter system implies the composition of urine (artificial urine medium), the mean volume of urine of adults (1 mL min(-1)), the frequently used silicone catheter (foley silicon catheter) as well as the infection with uropathogenic microorganisms like Pseudomonas aeruginosa. Three clinical isolates from urine of catheterized patients were chosen due to their ability to form biofilms, their mobility and their cell surface hydrophobicity. As reference strain P. aeruginosa PA14 has been used. Characteristic parameters as biofilm thickness, specific biofilm growth rate and substrate consumption were observed. Biofilm thicknesses varied from 105±16 ?m up to 246±67 ?m for the different isolates. The specific biofilm growth rate could be determined with a non invasive optical biomass sensor. This sensor allows online monitoring of the biofilm growth in the progress of the cultivation.

Written by:
Dohnt K, Sauer M, Müller M, Atallah K, Weidemann M, Gronemeyer P, Rasch D, Tielen P, Krull R. Are you the author?
Institute of Biochemical Engineering, Technische Universität Braunschweig, Braunschweig, Germany. .

Reference: J Microbiol Methods. 2011 Dec;87(3):302-8. Epub 2011 Sep 10.


PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21939694