CAUTI Publications

Urinary tract infections in long-term care residents - Abstract

Urinary tract infection (UTI) is common in long-term care (LTC) residents; however, most infections are asymptomatic and do not require treatment.

Prevalence of healthcare device-associated infection using point prevalence surveys of antimicrobial prescribing and existing electronic data - Abstract

This study extended a previously described method for the prevalence of healthcare-associated infection, based on point prevalence surveys of antimicrobial prescribing and electronic data, to estimate the prevalence of device-associated infections.

Preventing catheter-associated urinary tract infection in the zero-tolerance era - Abstract

Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is one of the most common health care?associated infections in the critical care setting.

Management and prevention of catheter-associated urinary tract infections: Current opinions and clinical practice - Abstract

Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CA-UTI) is an important epidemiological event in the hospital setting as urethral catheterization has a profound impact in terms of local and systemic extension, mortality rate, prolonged length of stay and costs, other than representing a reservoir of multi-resistant bacterial pathogens.

Micropatterned surfaces for reducing the risk of catheter-associated urinary tract infection: An in vitro study on the effect of Sharklet micropatterned surfaces to inhibit bacterial colonization and migration of uropathogenic Escherichia coli - Abstract

Catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) is the most common device-associated infection and can result in serious medical consequences. We studied the efficacy of a novel microscopic physical surface modification (Sharklet) for preventing bacterial colonization and migration of uropathogenic Escherichia coli on silicone elastomer.

Introducing a population-based outcome measure to evaluate the effect of interventions to reduce catheter-associated urinary tract infection - Abstract

The catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) measure recommended by the National Healthcare Safety Network (NHSN) accounts for the risk of infection in patients with an indwelling urinary catheter, but might not adequately reflect all efforts aimed to enhance patient safety by reducing urinary catheter use.

Epidemiology, treatment and prevention of healthcare-associated urinary tract infections - Abstract

Healthcare-associated urinary tract infections (HAUTIs) are the most frequent healthcare-associated infections in general hospitals. They are almost exclusively complicated UTIs, although complicating factors are very heterogenous. HAUTIs are mainly catheter associated. Most of them are asymptomatic and do not need antimicrobial therapy.

Prevalence and risk factors for quinolone resistance among Escherichia coli strains isolated from males with community febrile urinary tract infection - Abstract

The purpose of this study was to evaluate the prevalence and clinical risk factors for quinolone resistance (QR) in E. coli strains from males with febrile urinary tract infection (FUTI).

UroToday marks 25th annual International Infection Prevention Week (IIPW) originally proclaimed by Ronald Reagan in 1986

BERKELEY, CA USA ( - October 16, 2011 - Acknowledging that nosocomial (hospital-associated) infections directly caused more than twenty thousand deaths annually and contributed indirectly to an additional sixty thousand deaths every year, Ronald Reagan proclaimed the week beginning October 19, 1986 as National Infection Control Week.

Proteus mirabilis biofilms and catheter-associated urinary tract infections - Abstract

Proteus mirabilis inhabits the environment and causes a number of infections including those of the skin, respiratory tract, wounds and urinary tract.

Driving down catheter associated infection rates - Abstract

Caring for patients with an indwelling urinary catheter is common in nursing practice.

Can silver alloy catheters reduce infection rates? - Abstract

Catheter associated urinary tract infections remain a persistent challenge in healthcare practice.

Making the hospital safer for older adult patients: a focus on the indwelling urinary catheter - Abstract

The needs of hospitalized geriatric patients differ from the needs of hospitalized younger adults.

Urethral erosion: a case for prevention - Abstract

BACKGROUND: Adverse outcomes of long-term urethral catheterization include urethral erosion, ventral penile erosion, meatal erosion, and device-related necrosis of adjacent tissues.

Preventing hospital-acquired infections: A national survey of practices reported by U.S. hospitals in 2005 and 2009 - Abstract

Hospital-acquired infection (HAI) is common, costly, and potentially lethal. Whether initiatives to reduce HAI-such as the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) no payment rule-have increased the use of preventive practices is not known.

Nanoscale surface modification favors benign biofilm formation and impedes adherence by pathogens - Abstract

We have found in vitro that a biofilm of benign Escherichia coli 83972 interferes with urinary catheter colonization by pathogens, and in human studies E. coli 83972-coated urinary catheters are associated with lower rates of catheter-associated urinary tract infections.

Bacteremia caused by extended-spectrum-(beta)-lactamase-producing Escherichia coli sequence type ST131 and non-ST131 clones: Comparison of demographic data, clinical features, and mortality - Abstract

Escherichia coli producing the highly virulent, multidrug-resistant, CTX-M-15 extended-spectrum ?-lactamase (ESBL), sequence type 131 (ST131), has emerged on three continents since the late 2000s. We described the molecular epidemiology, clinical features, and outcome of ESBL-producing E. coli bacteremia in Taiwan from 2005 to 2010. This study aims to determine whether the risk factors, clinical features, and outcomes of the ST131 isolate differ from those of non-ST131 isolates. From 2005 to 2010, we collected 122 nonduplicated, consecutive, ESBL-producing E. coli isolates from bloodstream infections in a 1,200-bed hospital in Taiwan. Isolates were characterized using multilocus sequence typing. Demographic data, clinical features, and outcomes were collected from medical chart records. Thirty-six (29.5%) patients with bacteremia with ESBL-producing E. coli ST131 were identified. Patients with clone ST131 were more likely to have secondary bacteremia and noncatheterized urinary tract infections (P < 0.05). Secondary bacteremia (odds ratio [OR], 5.05; 95% confidence interval [CI], 1.08 to 23.56) and urinary catheter nonuse (OR, 3.77; 95% CI, 1.17 to 12.18) were independent risk factors for the ST131 clone after adjustment. Mortality rates at day 28 were similar in ST131 and non-ST131 populations. Independent risk factors predicting mortality at day 28 included malignancy, shock, and hospital-acquired bacteremia. In ESBL-producing E. coli bloodstream infections, the ST131 clone was not associated with health-care-associated risk factors, such as urinary catheter use or antibiotic exposure. Although highly virulent and multidrug resistant, the ST131 clone was not associated with higher mortality than non-ST131 clones.

Written by:
Chung HC, Lai CH, Lin JN, Huang CK, Liang SH, Chen WF, Shih YC, Lin HH, Wang JL. Are you the author?
Department of Internal Medicine, E-Da Hospital/I-Shou University, Kaohsiung County, Taiwan

Reference: Antimicrob Agents Chemother. 2012 Feb;56(2):618-22
doi: 10.1128/AAC.05753-11

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 22123694

Hospital-acquired infections - Abstract

Health-acquired infection (HAI) is defined as a localized or systemic condition resulting from an adverse reaction to the presence of infectious agents or its toxins.

Nosocomial infection following video-assisted thoracoscopic surgery - Abstract

OBJECTIVES: To assess the incidence and risk factors for nosocomial infection after video-assisted thoracic surgery (VATS).

The development of a urinary tract infection is associated with increased mortality in trauma patients - Abstract

BACKGROUND: In October 2008, Medicare and Medicaid stopped paying for care associated with catheter-related urinary tract infections (UTIs).