A recent Best Practice Statement published by the American Urological Association (AUA) recommends that antibiotic therapy in patients undergoing midurethral synthetic slings (MUS) should be 24 hours or less. Subjects at our institution are routinely administered a single dose of intravenous antibiotics before MUS surgery. We prospectively evaluated urinary tract infection (UTI) rates and risk factors for UTI in subjects undergoing MUS who receive single-dose antibiotic therapy.
Klebsiella pneumoniae is the second most common species causing urinary tract infections (UTI). However, the host factors and virulence genes of K. pneumoniae related to UTI are poorly understood. The aim of this study was to analyze the capsular phenotype and virulence genes of K. pneumoniae isolates and host factors potentially relevant to community-acquired UTI.
Urinary tract infections (UTI) have been reported to occur with frequencies ranging from 30% to 60% in kidney transplant recipients during the first year posttransplantation. UTI is the main cause of infectious complications in this period. The objective of this study was to evaluate the incidence of UTI, during the first year posttransplantation and to identify the risk factors associated with its development, as well as its impact on graft function.
People requiring long-term bladder draining with an indwelling catheter can experience catheter blockage. Regimens involving different solutions can be used to washout catheters with the aim of preventing blockage.
People with a long-term urinary catheter living in the community often experience catheter-related issues, however, the frequency and extent of these issues has not been well described in the literature.
Catheter-associated urinary tract infection is the most common nosocomial infection, with hospitalized patients having a risk of 5% per day an indwelling catheter is in place. Use of catheters coated with silver alloy-hydrogel significantly reduces the risk of catheter-associated urinary tract infection and the burden on the NHS.
Urinary catheters are the major cause of catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTIs) and often may be unnecessary. We attempted to reduce the number of CAUTIs by limiting the use of urinary catheters.
Previous studies showed that cranberries and related products may play a role in the prevention of urinary tract infection. The objective of this study is to investigate composite UmayC, a cranberry composite with the herbal extract Acrobio TS(R) and Acrobio GL(R), in its effectiveness for catheter-associated lower urinary tract infection in an animal model.
To evaluate whether hospital-acquired catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CA-UTIs) are accurately documented in discharge records with the use of International Classification of Diseases, Ninth Revision, Clinical Modification diagnosis codes so that nonpayment is triggered, as mandated by the Centers for Medicare and Medicaid Services (CMS) Hospital-Acquired Conditions Initiative.
Clean intermittent catheterisation (CIC) of the bladder is used to imitate normal bladder emptying in patients with bladder dysfunction.
Infections of the urinary tract account for >40% of nosocomial infections; most of these are infections in catheterized patients.
Urinary catheter use is common, and physicians are often unaware of the presence of a catheter in a patient. Despite this, and despite a recent policy change classifying catheter-associated urinary tract infection (CAUTI) as nonreimbursable, little is known regarding physicians' knowledge and attitudes regarding catheters, or their responses to the policy change.
Urinary tract infection will develop in 40% of children who undergo renal transplantation. Post-transplant urinary tract infection is associated with earlier graft loss in adults.
The aim of this study was to determine if use of an ultrasonic bladder-scanning device reduced the number of urinary catheters inserted in a medical-surgical unit of an acute care facility.
On May 17, 2011, the Joint Commission announced it had approved a new National Patient Safety Goal (NPSG) for 2012 for catheter-associated urinary tract infections (CAUTI).
For developing the Japanese guideline for the prevention of health care-associated infection in urological practice, we surveyed the literature including standard precautions, environmental considerations in both the inpatient and outpatient settings, the management of urinary catheters, endoscopy techniques, and the disinfection and sterilization of instruments used in endoscopies and related procedures.
Foley catheter (FC) use is a modifiable risk factor for hospital-acquired urinary tract infection, the most common type of nosocomial infection. It is unknown whether sustained, hospital-wide reductions in FC use are achievable by combining interventions with demonstrated short-term effectiveness in selected units.
Indwelling urinary catheters are the main cause of healthcare-associated urinary tract infections.
This study investigated the rate of device-associated health care-associated infection (DA-HAI), microbiological profiles, bacterial resistance, length of stay (LOS), and mortality rate in 9 intensive care units (ICUs) of 3 hospital members of the International Nosocomial Infection Control Consortium (INICC) in the Philippines.
To describe the rates of several key outcomes and healthcare-associated infections (HAIs) among hospitals that participated in the Duke Infection Control Outreach Network (DICON).