Testing for Occult Stress Urinary Incontinence in Patients With Pelvic Organ Prolapse? Results of a Pragmatic Approach.

Pelvic organ prolapse (POP) surgery may unmask occult stress urinary incontinence (OSUI) in otherwise asymptomatic patients. Preoperative urodynamic studies (UDSs) with prolapse reduction may, by potentially unmasking OSUI, assist surgical decision making. This study investigated the long-term objective postoperative rate of SUI, according to the presence of OSUI.

This retrospective cohort study was conducted with a cross-sectional survey of women with no SUI or rare SUI presenting at Kingston General Hospital in Kingston, Ontario from 2003-2013 for POP. Patients were compared on the basis of preoperative UDS results and whether an anti-incontinence procedure was performed in addition to POP surgery. The study included a chart review of 1-year follow-up subjective results and a survey of long-term objective results (symptoms and quality of life) ascertained by validated questionnaires.

The study enrolled 113 women, 51 of whom had undergone anti-incontinence surgery (42 for identified OSUI, nine prophylactically). In women whose UDS results indicated OSUI, 1-year subjective and long-term objective postoperative SUI results were, respectively, 8.8% and 12.5% among women undergoing POP and anti-incontinence surgery and 18.2% and 42.9% among those undergoing POP surgery alone. In women with negative UDS results, those rates were 0.0% and 50.0% and 12.8% and 27.6%, respectively. There was no significant difference in any outcomes, according to procedure choice in the OSUI-positive group. There were no predictors for postoperative SUI.

Although a trend was seen for less long-term validated subjective SUI in women having a concomitant SUI procedure along with POP corrective surgery, no significant difference in outcomes was found, on the basis of procedure of choice, and no reliable predictors for postoperative SUI could be identified. UDS testing may be useful to rule in OSUI, but its clinical value in surgical decision making is uncertain.

Journal of obstetrics and gynaecology Canada : JOGC = Journal d'obstetrique et gynecologie du Canada : JOGC. 2019 Dec 17 [Epub ahead of print]

Natalia Ovtcharenko, Jessica Pudwell, Marie-Andrée Harvey

Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen's University, Kingston, ON., Department of Obstetrics and Gynaecology, Queen's University, Kingston, ON. Electronic address: .