Quality of Life of Intermittent Urinary Catheterization Users and Their Caregivers: A Scoping Review

This study aimed to examine and map the scientific evidences regarding quality of life in neurogenic bladder patients and consequently their caregivers by means of a scoping review.

This is a scoping review proposal of the Joanna Briggs Institute.

It was conducted to examine and map the scientific evidences about quality of life (QoL) in neurogenic bladder patients and their caregivers, to identify the meanings attributed to QoL and its relation with intermittent urinary catheterization. The following guiding question was: "What scientific evidence has been produced on the QoL of neurogenic bladder patients using intermittent urinary catheterization and their caregivers?" A total of 2945 research studies were identified using The Cochrane Library, CINAHL, LILACS, Academic Search Premier (via EBSCO platform), PubMed, SCOPUS, the platforms Web of Science, the b-on and Gray Literature. The keywords established were patient, intermittent urinary catheterization, neurogenic urinary bladder, quality of life and caregiver.

From 2,945 studies, 13 studies were selected. Most of the selected studies that analyzed variables related to the patients' QoL were regarding the urinary catheterization technique, assessment of urinary incontinence, individual perceptions of the procedure and experiences with urinary catheter in childhood and adult life. The meanings attributed to QoL, when compared to adult and child individuals with normal bladder functioning, presented lower QoL scores. Concerning caregivers, the QoL of caregivers of children using intermittent urinary catheterization demonstrated low scores.

The QoL of patient's who use intermittent urinary catheterization can be determined by improvement of urinary symptoms and self-confidence. Research related to QoL of patients who use urinary catheter indicates the importance of adequate professional support and appropriate health public policies.

Worldviews on evidence-based nursing. 2017 Aug [Epub]

Laís Fumincelli, Alessandra Mazzo, José Carlos Amado Martins, Fernando Manuel Dias Henriques, Daniela Cardoso, Manuel Alves Rodrigues

Doctoral Student, São Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) fellow, Fundamental Nursing Graduate Program at University of São Paulo at Ribeirão Preto College of Nursing, WHO Collaborating Centre for Nursing Research (EERP-USP), Brazil., Professor Doctor II, General and Specialized Nursing Department at EERP-USP, Brazil., Coordinator Professor at Medical-Surgical Unit, Nursing School of Coimbra, Portugal., Vice-President of the Nursing School of Coimbra, Portugal., Doctoral Student, Health Sciences Research Unit: Nursing Domain (UICISA:E) at the Nursing School of Coimbra, Portugal., Principal Coordinator Professor of the Nursing School of Coimbra, Scientific Coordinator of the UICISA:E, Portugal.