Effects of physiotherapy treatment for urinary incontinence in patient with multiple sclerosis

[Purpose] The aim of the study was to evaluate the benefits of physical therapy for urinary incontinence in patients with multiple sclerosis and to verify the impact of urinary incontinence on the patient's quality of life. [Subject and Methods] A case study of a 55-year-old female patient diagnosed with multiple sclerosis and mixed urinary incontinence was conducted. Physical therapy sessions were conducted once a week, in total 15 sessions, making use of targeted functional electrical vaginal stimulation, along with active exercises for the pelvic floor muscles and electrical stimulation of the posterior tibial nerve, behavioral rehabilitation and exercise at home. [Results] After 15 physical therapy sessions, a patient diagnosed with multiple sclerosis and mixed urinary incontinence showed continued satisfactory results after five months. She showed better quality of life, higher strength of pelvic floor muscle and reduced urinary frequency without nocturia and enuresis. [Conclusion] The physical therapy protocol in this patient with multiple sclerosis and mixed urinary incontinence showed satisfactory results reducing urinary incontinence symptomatology and improving the patient's quality of life.

Journal of physical therapy science. 2017 Jul 15 [Epub]

Carla Maria de Abreu Pereira, Mariane Castiglione, Karina Tamy Kasawara

Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, Santa Casa de São Paulo Medical School and Centro Universitário Uniítalo, Brazil., Department of Obstetrics and Gynecology, University of Campinas, Brazil.

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