Voiding cystourethrogram: How much should we be selective?

In this study, we examined the patients' characteristics, who underwent voiding cystourethrography (VCUG), in order to determine any selectivity for indication of this invasive method.

After exclusion of indications of neurogenic bladder or antenatal hydronephrosis and control VCUGs, 159 VCUGs performed in our clinic within one year were evaluated. Patients are divided into three groups accoding to age. Clinical characteristic and findings of renal ultrasonography (US) and renal scintigraphy were examined.

Vesicoureteral reflux (VUR) was detected in 61 (38.3%) of 159 patients who underwent cystourethrographic examinations, in 45.8% of the patients with a history of recurrent urinary tract infection (UTI), in 22.0% of the patients with pathological urinary system US without history of recurrent UTI. High-grade reflux rate was significantly more frequent in renal units with pathological US findings. Severe scar was significantly more frequent in renal units with high-grade reflux when compared to renal units without reflux and those with low-grade reflux. Predictive values of recurrent UTI, scarring status and pathological US for VUR were separately analyzed and seen that likelihood of indicating VUR was increased when all 3 risk factors were assessed together.

Vesicoureteral reflux is a problem in which diagnostic process and management strategy should have to be considered in individualized manner for each patient. Before prescribing invasive VCUG, imaging urinary system by US and scintigraphy and determining whether there is recurrent UTI will improve selectivity and success of VCUG.

Turkish journal of urology. 2017 Jan 27 [Epub]

Sibel Yel, Sebahat Tülpar, Ruhan Düşünsel, Hakan Muammer Poyrazoğlu, İsmail Dursun, Ümmühan Abdülrezzak, Zübeyde Gündüz, Kenan Yılmaz, Funda Baştuğ

Department of Pediatric Nephrology, Erciyes University School of Medicine, Kayseri, Turkey., Department of Nuclear Medicine, Erciyes University School of Medicine Kayseri, Turkey.