Several patterns of urological dysfunctions have been described following spinal cord injury (SCI), depending on the level and the completeness of the injury. A better understanding of the natural history of neurogenic bladder in patients with SCI, and the description of their successive therapeutic lines based on their clinical and urodynamic pattern is needed to improve their management. This study aimed to describe the real-life successive therapeutic lines in patients with neurogenic lower urinary tract dysfunction (NLUTD) following SCI.
We conducted a two-center retrospective review of medical files of patients with SCI followed in two French specialized departments of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation between January 2000 and January 2018. All patients with SCI with a level of lesion bellow T3 and older than 18 years old were eligible. The primary outcome was the description of the natural journey of neurogenic bladder in this population, from the awakening bladder contraction to the last therapeutic line. Survival curves were calculated with a 95-confidence interval using the Kaplan-Meier method.
One hundred and five patients were included in this study. Most of the patients were young men with a complete SCI lesion. The median time of treatment introduction was 1 and 9 years for anticholinergics and intradetrusor injection of BoNT/A, respectively. Median duration of effect of treatments was 4 and 6 years post-introduction of anticholinergics and BoNT/A, respectively.
This study describes NLUTD journey of patients with SCI demonstrating the mid-term efficacy of the two first therapeutic lines of NDO management. An improvement of non-surgical therapeutics is needed.
World journal of urology. 2022 Jun 01 [Epub ahead of print]
O Blé, J Levy, C Lefèvre, M A Perrouin-Verbe, A Even, L Le Normand, E Chartier Kastler, B Perrouin-Verbe, P Denys, C Joussain
Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hospital Raymond-Poincaré AP-HP, Garches, France., Department of Neurological Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Saint-Jacques Hospital, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, France., Department of Urology, Nantes University Hospital, Nantes, France., Pitié-Salpêtrière Academic Hospital, Department of Urology, Assistance Publique-Hôpitaux de Paris, Sorbonne Université, Paris, France., Department of Physical Medicine and Rehabilitation, Hospital Raymond-Poincaré AP-HP, Garches, France. .