Discuss the efficacy, safety, and future directions of neuromodulation in special populations of patients with neurological conditions.
A literature review was done to find meta-analyses, review articles, studies, and case reports of the use of neuromodulation, either sacral neuromodulation or percutaneous tibial nerve stimulation, in patients with various neurological conditions of interest.
Sacral neuromodulation (SNM) and posterior tibial nerve stimulation (PTNS) appear to be safe and effective in special neurological populations of patients with multiple sclerosis (MS), Parkinson's disease (PD), and spinal cord injury (SCI). The majority of publications are smaller retrospective case series. Outcomes appear similar to those seen in nonneurogenic patients but also partly depend on disability progression. Magnetic resonance imaging (MRI) compatibility has helped to improve eligibility for SNM in these special populations.
In a small number of studies, SNM and PTNS appear to be safe and effective in special neurological populations of patients with MS, PD, and SCI. MRI compatibility has helped to improve eligibility for SNM in these special populations. Studies looking at SNM are limited by a small number of subjects, lack of prospective trials, and selection bias. Larger, randomized studies with long-term follow up are needed to better predict response to SNM and PTNS in these populations.
Neurourology and urodynamics. 2022 May 17 [Epub ahead of print]
Connie N Wang, Doreen E Chung
Department of Urology, Columbia University Irving Medical Center, New York City, New York, USA.