The Stockholm Spinal Cord Uro Study: 3. Urodynamic characteristics in a regional prevalence group of persons with spinal cord injury and indications for improved follow-up.

Examine the outcome of urodynamic studies in a regional prevalence group of patients with traumatic spinal cord injury (SCI), explore relationships between urodynamic parameters and renal complications/other SCI-related dysfunctions, assess the role of urodynamics in SCI follow-up.

In a cross-sectional study, 211 patients were included, who attended a yearly check-up and had urodynamics performed as part of the follow-up in addition to S-creatinine, S-cystatin-C, renal ultrasound, and a questionnaire regarding complications. Relationships between urodynamic parameters and renal complications/other SCI-related dysfunctions were explored by descriptive and comparative statistics.

Neurogenic detrusor overactivity (NDO) was found in 150, underactive/acontractile detrusor in 44, normal detrusor function in 17 patients. Maximum detrusor pressures during filling/voiding in NDO attained mean levels of >40 cm H2O in 68% of patients and >25 cm H2O in 83%. Reduced compliance of the bladder wall, cystometric bladder capacity <250 mL, and detrusor overactivity leakage during filling were associated with higher detrusor pressures. Detrusor overactivity during more than one-third of the filling phase was significantly related to signs of renal complications among patients with SCI duration 11-20 years. No significant relationships were found between other urodynamic parameters and renal/other SCI-related complications. Renal complications in underactive/acontractile and normal detrusor function co-varied with evidence of previous NDO and other co-morbidities which may negatively influence kidney function.

Maximum detrusor pressures during the filling/voiding phases attained high levels in a majority of patients. Detrusor overactivity during more than one-third of the filling phase was significantly related to signs of renal complications.

Scandinavian journal of urology. 2021 Jul 19 [Epub ahead of print]

Elisabeth Farrelly, Lena Lindbo, Åke Seiger

Division of Clinical Geriatrics, Department NVS, Karolinska Institute, Solna, Sweden., Aleris Rehab Station, Stockholm, Sweden.