Urodynamic efficacy of fesoterodine for the treatment of neurogenic detrusor overactivity and/or low compliance bladder.

To examine the urodynamic effects of fesoterodine on neurogenic detrusor overactivity and/or low compliance bladder.

A total of 77 patients (52 men, 25 women; aged 61.6 ± 20.3 years) were given fesoterodine 4-8 mg/day and prospectively followed for 12 weeks. The primary end-point variable was change in the maximum cystometric capacity on urodynamic study. The secondary end-point was to assess the number of patients whose neurogenic detrusor overactivity disappeared, and the changes in the urodynamic parameters, lower urinary tract symptoms questionnaires and the 3-day frequency volume chart parameters after the treatment.

A total of 13 patients (16.9%) withdrew because of adverse events (dry mouth or blurred vision), and four patients dropped out for unknown reasons. Finally, 60 patients completed the study. Bladder capacity at first desire to void, maximum cystometric capacity and bladder compliance increased by 29.2 mL, 79.9 mL and 22.2 mL/cm H2 O, respectively, showed statistical significance (P = 0.026, P < 0.001 and P < 0.001). Neurogenic detrusor overactivity disappeared in 12 of 51 patients (23.5%), and a significant increase was observed in bladder capacity at first involuntary contraction (P < 0.001), and a significant decrease was observed in maximum detrusor contraction (P < 0.001). In patients with low compliance bladder (with detrusor underactivity without neurogenic detrusor overactivity; n = 9), maximum cystometric capacity and bladder compliance increased significantly (P = 0.003 and P = 0.006, respectively). Overactive bladder symptom score, International Consultation on Incontinence Questionnaire-Short Form, most items of King's Health Questionnaire, and the number of urgency episodes and leaks in a day decreased significantly after treatment.

Fesoterodine seems to be a valid treatment option for neurogenic detrusor overactivity and/or low compliance bladder in neurogenic bladder patients.

International journal of urology : official journal of the Japanese Urological Association. 2020 Aug 07 [Epub ahead of print]

Kanya Kaga, Tomonori Yamanishi, Mayuko Kaga, Miki Fuse, Tomohiko Kamasako, Mitsuru Ishizuka

Department of Urology and Surgery, Continence Center, Dokkyo Medical University, Mibu, Tochigi, Japan.