Long-term follow-up of neurogenic bladder patients after bladder augmentation with small intestinal submucosa.

To evaluate the long-term effect of using small intestinal submucosa (SIS) for bladder augmentation in patients with neurogenic bladder.

A total of 15 patients (age range 14-65 years; mean age 29. 6 years) were enrolled in our study. The patients had poor bladder capacity and compliance caused by a neurogenic disorder requiring bladder augmentation. A small intestinal submucosa (SIS) cystoplasty was performed alone or in combination with ureter reimplantation. We prospectively followed the cohort to assess the urodynamics parameters, morphologic changes and patient satisfaction and evaluate the clinical benefit of the SIS procedure in long term. The surgical indications and complications were analyzed.

The duration of follow-up ranged from 4.5 to 8.3 years (mean 6.3 years). Nine patients had expected long-term benefit, leading to an overall success rate of 60%. Two patients experienced immediate failure, and four patients slowed decrease in bladder capacity over time. Compared with the baseline data, there were significant increases in bladder capacity (163.5 ± 80.90-275.6 ± 159.5 ml, p < 0.05) and a significant decrease in maximum detrusor pressure (45.07 ± 29.03-17.60 ± 10.34 cmH2O, p < 0.05). Histologic examinations showed a complete conversion of SIS, leaving the urothelial lining and bladder wall containing muscular, vascular, and relatively thick connective tissue. Major complications included vesicoureteral reflux in five patients, bladder stone formation in one patient, and bladder perforation in one patient.

Bladder augmentation with an SIS graft offers a partial long-term success rate in neurogenic bladder patients. This procedure cannot be recommended as a substitute for enterocystoplasty, especially in patients with severe upper urinary tract deterioration and/or bladder fibrosis.

World journal of urology. 2019 Nov 11 [Epub ahead of print]

Fan Zhang, Limin Liao

Department of Urology, Fengtai District, China Rehabilitation Research Center, 10 JiaomenBeilu, Beijing, 100068, China., Department of Urology, Fengtai District, China Rehabilitation Research Center, 10 JiaomenBeilu, Beijing, 100068, China. .