Pelvic floor biofeedback therapy in children: Assessment of symptom scores in responders and non-responders

Pelvic Floor Biofeedback Therapy (PFBT) can be an effective treatment for pediatric lower urinary tract symptoms (LUTS). Due to differing perceptions of efficacy and practice patterns, we sought to further evaluate PFBT in our practice. We hypothesized that PFBT results in quiescence of EMG activity during voiding and improves questionnaire scores in patients with LUTS.

We retrospectively reviewed all patients undergoing PFBT and refined the analysis to females ≥6 years old with ≥2 sessions with completed voiding questionnaires pre- and post-treatment, active EMG during voiding, with non-neurogenic urinary tract complaints refractory to standard urotherapy. Validated Bladder Bowel Dysfunction (BBD) questionnaires were collected at each visit. Quiescence of EMG activity and changes in BBD score were the primary outcomes.

229 patients underwent ≥1 PFBT session, of which 64 females ≥6 years of age with ≥2 PFBT sessions and completed pre and post PFBT voiding questionnaires were identified. In this group, mean age at PFBT start was 10.1 (6.2-17.0). Patients completed 3.1 sessions (2-6). No difference was seen in post-void residual (PVR) between first and last session (23.8 vs 22.6 mL, P = 0.55). Median questionnaire score decreased from 18 (4-42) before to 13 (2-28) following PFBT (P < 0.0001). Responders, characterized by silencing of the EMG after PFBT, occurred in 31% (20/64). Non-responders were younger (P = 0.007) with higher pre-PFBT questionnaire scores.

The use of PFBT appears to result in a significant reduction in symptom scores, though quiescence of EMG was observed following therapy in less than 1/3 of patients.

Neurourology and urodynamics. 2018 Oct 23 [Epub ahead of print]

Abby S Taylor, Jackson J Cabo, Chelsea Lauderdale, Narges Maskan, John C Thomas, Stacy T Tanaka, John C Pope, Mark C Adams, John W Brock, Chevis N Shannon, Douglass B Clayton

Division of Pediatric Urology, Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Nashville, Tennessee., Vanderbilt University Medical School, Nashville, Tennessee., Surgical Outcomes Center for Kids, Monroe Carell Jr. Children's Hospital at Vanderbilt, Nashville, Tennessee.