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To characterize patients with isolated septal scarring (ISS) and punctate scarring (PS) in Peyronie's disease (PD) and to highlight the importance of duplex ultrasonography in the workup of patients with PD.

Data from all men undergoing duplex ultrasonography at London Health Sciences Center for PD or erectile dysfunction over a 3-year period were retrospectively reviewed.

Our cohort included 722 patients with duplex ultrasound. ISS were demonstrated in 217 patients (30%), and PS in 197 (27%), with 72 (33%) and 148 (75%), respectively, having a normal physical examination. In both ISS and PS groups, more than half of patients also had associated erectile dysfunction. Predictive factors for ISS on multivariate analysis included trauma history (odds ratio [OR] 1.90, P = .04) and age (OR 1.02, P = .01). Patients with ISS were more likely to have dorsal curvature (OR 3.81, P <.01).

Limited data exist in the literature regarding ISS and PS in PD. Our study illustrates that one-third of ISS and three-quarters of PS would have remained unrecognized without duplex ultrasonography, and it highlights its importance in the workup and subsequent management of these patients. Further studies are needed to better understand and to determine the at-risk patient and the associated clinical implications of ISS and PS, and to ultimately provide optimized and individualized management strategies.

Urology. 2018 May 22 [Epub ahead of print]

Nahid Punjani, Noah Stern, Gerald Brock

Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada., Division of Urology, Department of Surgery, Western University, London, Ontario, Canada. Electronic address: .

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