Long-term infection rates in diabetic patients implanted with antibiotic-impregnated versus nonimpregnated inflatable penile prostheses: 7-Year outcomes - Abstract

Division of Urology, University of Arizona, Tucson, AZ, USA.

 

Diabetic patients may be more prone to penile-implant infections than other men.

We sought to determine whether revision surgeries due to infection were less common in diabetic men after implantation of an inflatable penile prosthesis (IPP) impregnated with minocycline and rifampin (M/R) versus a nonimpregnated prosthesis.

Infection-related revisions for M/R-impregnated and nonimpregnated implants were compared during a retrospective review of patient-implant and removal data recorded in the manufacturer's database. The data set included men with diabetes as an etiology of erectile dysfunction and who were implanted with their first IPPs between 2001 and 2008.

All men received three-piece IPPs.

The number of first revisions due to infection reported at any time during the study period were summarized for each group. Freedom from infection-related revisions for initial M/R-impregnated implants were compared to nonimpregnated implants with ≤ 84 mo of follow-up using life-table survival analysis. Infection-free survival was also compared for diabetics versus nondiabetics.

Mean age was 59.1 yr for the 6071 diabetic men in the M/R-impregnated group. The nonimpregnated group included 624 diabetics with a mean age of 57.6 yr. Initial revisions due to infection were reported for 1.47% of M/R-impregnated versus 4.17% of nonimpregnated implants. At 7 yr, the rate of infection-related revisions was significantly lower for M/R-impregnated (1.62%) than for nonimpregnated implants (4.24%; log-rank p< 0.0001). Diabetic men had a significantly higher rate of revisions due to infection at 7 yr (1.88%) than men without diabetes (1.53%; log-rank p=0.0052).

This long-term evidence from the largest known database of diabetic IPP recipients establishes that the use of an antibiotic-impregnated IPP can decrease revisions due to infection. Reducing the incidence of this devastating complication represents a significant medical advance in erectile restoration for diabetic patients.

Written by:
Mulcahy JJ, Carson CC 3rd.   Are you the author?

Reference: Eur Urol. 2011 Feb 4. Epub ahead of print.
doi: 10.1016/j.eururo.2011.01.046

PubMed Abstract
PMID: 21316145

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