Thus far, the differences between asymptomatic bacteriuria and symptomatic UTI are inconsistently reported and characterized. As expected, the classical symptoms of urinary frequency/dysuria may not be present for a patient with a reconstructed lower urinary tract. Nevertheless, some studies have still reportedly classified symptomatic UTIs as involving urgency, dysuria, malodorous urine, abdominal pain, and worsening incontinence.
Other studies have rather defined symptoms as being primarily abdominal pain and fevers. These two primary symptoms may more reasonably reflect the expected pathophysiology of a patient with a ‘pouchitis’, where inflammation of an intestinal pouch may cause abdominal pain, tenderness on palpation, as well as systemic inflammatory response, resulting in fevers. The use of these two symptoms as diagnosis, in addition to a positive urine culture, may be more appropriate in diagnosing a symptomatic UTI, in a patient with urinary diversions. Subsequent progression of the infection to the upper tract should present just as patients without urinary diversions, and their clinical features should not differ.
Until there is an addition of a recommended symptomatic UTI definition in urological guidelines for patients with diverted urinary tracts, there will continue to be confusion and inconsistency in its reporting. In addition to our main review recommendations, we suggest further clarification of diagnostic criteria to assist with research in this field.
Written by: Liang G Qu, MD, Department of Surgery, Austin Health, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia and Nathan Lawrentschuk, MB, BS, PhD, FRACS, Associate Professor, University of Melbourne, Melbourne, Australia
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