Departments of Radiology, Urology, and Pathology, University Medical Centre St. Radboud, PO Box 9101, 6500HB, Nijmegen, the Netherlands.
To retrospectively determine the relationship between apparent diffusion coefficients (ADCs) obtained with 3.0-T diffusion-weighted (DW) magnetic resonance (MR) imaging and Gleason grades in peripheral zone prostate cancer.
The requirement to obtain institutional review board approval was waived. Fifty-one patients with prostate cancer underwent MR imaging before prostatectomy, including DW MR imaging with b values of 0, 50, 500, and 800 sec/mm(2). In prostatectomy specimens, separate slice-by-slice determinations of Gleason grade groups were performed according to primary, secondary, and tertiary Gleason grades. In addition, tumors were classified into qualitative grade groups (low-, intermediate-, or high-grade tumors). ADC maps were aligned to step-sections and regions of interest annotated for each tumor slice. The median ADC of tumors was related to qualitative grade groups with linear mixed-model regression analysis. The accuracy of the median ADC in the most aggressive tumor component in the differentiation of low- from combined intermediate- and high-grade tumors was summarized by using the area under the receiver operating characteristic (ROC) curve (A(z)).
In 51 prostatectomy specimens, 62 different tumors and 251 step-section tumor lesions were identified. The median ADC in the tumors showed a negative relationship with Gleason grade group, and differences among the three qualitative grade groups were statistically significant (P < .001). Overall, with an increase of one qualitative grade group, the median ADC (±standard deviation) decreased 0.18 × 10(-3) mm(2)/sec ± 0.02. Low-, intermediate-, and high-grade tumors had a median ADC of 1.30 × 10(-3) mm(2)/sec ± 0.30, 1.07 × 10(-3) mm(2)/sec ± 0.30, and 0.94 × 10(-3) mm(2)/sec ± 0.30, respectively. ROC analysis showed a discriminatory performance of A(z) = 0.90 in discerning low-grade from combined intermediate- and high-grade lesions.
ADCs at 3.0 T showed an inverse relationship to Gleason grades in peripheral zone prostate cancer. A high discriminatory performance was achieved in the differentiation of low-, intermediate-, and high-grade cancer.
Hambrock T, Somford DM, Huisman HJ, van Oort IM, Witjes JA, Hulsbergen-van de Kaa CA, Scheenen T, Barentsz JO. Are you the author?
Reference: Radiology. 2011 Mar 15. Epub ahead of print.