PURPOSE: Purpose of this study is to analyze outcomes and pre-treatment prognostic factors in high-risk prostate cancer patients with initial PSA ≥20 ng/mL, treated with high-dose external beam radiotherapy (EBRT) and androgen deprivation therapy (ADT) in a single institution.
METHODS: Between March 2003 and December 2011, 155 consecutive high-risk prostate cancer patients (a) presenting with pre-treatment PSA level ≥20 ng/mL, (b) treated with definitive EBRT, and (c) with a minimum follow-up of 24 months were included in this retrospective analysis. Phoenix definition was used to define biochemical control. Primary endpoints were as follows: biochemical disease-free survival (bDFS), distant metastasis-free survival (DMFS), cancer-specific survival (CSS) and overall survival (OS). Multivariate analysis was performed to determine the independent prognostic impact of pre-treatment clinical factors [T stage, PSA, and Gleason score (GS)].
RESULTS: At a median follow-up time of 62 months, actuarial bDFS, DMFS, CSS, and OS at 5 years were 64.8, 85.2, 95.8, and 94.4 %, respectively. On multivariate analysis, only GS was significantly associated with three clinical endpoints (bDFS: HR 1.6; p = 0.022, CSS: HR 4.27, p = 0.044, OS: HR 2.6; p = 0.038). Pre-treatment zenith PSA was associated only with bDFS (HR 1.87; p = 0.027).
CONCLUSIONS: Patients with "high" PSA levels (≥20 ng/mL) showed favorable clinical outcomes, supporting the role of local radiotherapy as primary therapy in combination with long-term ADT in patients with high PSA levels at diagnosis. A GS of 8-10 is the strongest predictor of outcome.
Guarneri A, Botticella A, Filippi AR, Ruggieri A, Piva C, Munoz F, Ragona R, Gontero P, Ricardi U. Are you the author?
Radiation Oncology, San Giovanni Battista Hospital, University of Torino, 10126, Turin, Italy.
Reference: J Cancer Res Clin Oncol. 2013 Apr 4. Epub ahead of print.